Tuesday, September 29, 2009

Buckwheat Beats the Snow

Buckwheat Beats the Snowfall

Buckwheat moves fast. On September 20th, pictured above, is the buckwheat planted August 19th. Buckwheat was simply broadcast on the soil in a raised bed a day after the garlic was harvested. Just amazing.

Buckwheat is often a forgotten crop which can be used by backyard gardeners. It will enrich the soil and helps to control the weeds. This is the first of two raised garlic beds, the other is about a week behind and just starting to bloom.

Late September and into October are great times to plant garlic. This year the bonus might be some extra buckwheat, if not for pancakes, then for the winter bird feeder. Buckwheat will be a garden favorite here, it saves money because less organic fertilizer is needed, saves on the compost, saves time from constant battles with weeds.

Buckwheat could be a good crop to plant after spring lettuce or broccoli crops are gone or just to have a bed or a row or two. It enriches the soil and helps the bees. And the bees will come. The buckwheat is swarming with honeybees and bumblebees; there are so many you can hear the buzz. Buckwheat has to be one of the original bee plants.

Now is the time to face some cold reality. Pictured above is the first snowfall last year and, grab your seat, it was October 29th and about six inches. So even if buckwheat is planted as late as August 19, it is possible to harvest a kitchen crop in about seven weeks, maybe eight. To check the first and last frost dates, click weather service, for your area. It gives a general idea at the very least. Buckwheat planted in August gives the bees their last good meals before winter.

If you want to save some for kitchen use, the hulls come off easily. The remaining kernel, called groat, can be ground into flour, or eaten or used as sprouts. The leaves and the flowers are also edible and can be used in salads or as an herb.

Support Your Local Bookstore:

Buy a book from your independent bookstore by clicking the ad below.

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Rosy Red's: The Best Place in Town

The small pond in the snow picture above is the Frog Bog which was dug out last year in September. It sits on the edge of the backyard garden. We put in about a hundred Rosy red minnows, which are actually flathead minnows, but they are a brilliant orange color, very communal and peaceful. They multiply like guppies and love mosquito larvae. Kids and a lot of adults walk through the garden to feed the fish bread, so nobody sees the weeds.

For more information on them, Rosy Red. These small minnows would work well in any size garden pool and they are even great fish for an indoor tank. Even a small water pool in the garden is a great help for birds, butterflies, bees and people.

H1N1 Health Care is a universal human right and the current debate should include all person within the borders. It is the moral course of action and plain common sense. Read more here and leave your comment on what you think.

Keep updated on the H1N1 virus, click the ad below.

For the Heck of It:

What happened to September? The full harvest moon is in a couple days, October 4th.
October is also breast cancer awareness month, be safe.
October is also adopt a shelter dog month. Why not? On that note, here is a great article from Penn State and the research into why and how it might soon be possible to help dogs that are scared of of thunder and lightning storms.

My dog isn't scared of thunder, but let him hear a firecracker or a rifle shot, he's hiding!

Good Blogs to Read

Vincent di Fondi

On Your Way to the Top

New York's Southern Tie

Urban Veggie Garden

Simply Snickers

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Monday, September 21, 2009

John Brown, Farmer, Surveyor, Tanner: Hero or Villan

150 Years Ago and an Elusive Verdict

Freedom fighter or home grown terrorist – the verdict is still elusive as the 150th anniversary of John Brown's raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry approaches October 16, 1859. There have been many commemorative events held at or near Harper's Ferry marking what many believe to be the opening shots of the tragic American Civil War. There are many more events planned in the upcoming weeks.

John Brown lived in New Richmond, Crawford County for nearly ten years. He was executed by hanging weeks afterwards on December 2, 1859 for the ill fated raid on the arsenal which Brown hoped would spark a general uprising against the slave owners He became an instant folk hero for the north, a despised murderer in the south.

His plan was to conduct a guerrilla war based in the Appalachian Mountains to fight against the institution of slavery. It was a plan which sent shock waves of fear among the rich plantation owners who stood to loose much of their wealth created by human slavery.

Brown's farm, has a a small museum, and parts of the old tannery are still standing; it is located off of Route 77, on John Brown Road, not far from Meadville, or Cambridge Springs or from Canadohta Lake. Brown's first wife and two small children are buried at the place; and Brown married his second wife, who was from Meadville and worked in his tannery at the farm.

Brown was the first Post Master in that region, turned his farmhouse into a church on Sunday mornings; other days of the week the farmhouse served as the community's first school. He was also the area's surveyor and many of the roads today in that region were the result of his work. He was also a major player in the area's Underground Railroad activity, something highly illegal back in the day. The government would arrest the activists and the supporters who faced stiff fines and a jail sentence. The Underground Railroad was a civil disobedience movement against the immoral institution of slavery.

The small museum is owned and operated by Gary and his wife, Donna Coburn. Both live on the property. Gary Coburn's grandfather built the museum in 1951. There is no entrance fee.

“My grandfather, Charles Olsen, didn't believe it was right to charge people a fee to learn about slavery and the Civil War, Gary said. “We've kept the same attitude. We not going to have any special events here to remember Harper's Ferry. That is their thing. The events happened there. But we will be open if people want to visit.”

Donna Coburn is the person usually running the day to day museum operations in between working as a waitress at the Riverside Inn. Donna spends countless hours every year organizing a traditional “John Brown Freedom Day Picnic” every week, held in early June. It is always, like this past June, a well attended event. “It is an event that has happened at the farm for about as long as anyone can remember,” she told me, “no one is sure exactly when the Freedom Day picnic started.”.

It is important to remember. Hundreds of thousands of American were killed during the bloody Civil War. Freedom came at a terrible price; the graves are in cemeteries large and small such as this grave in a lonely isolated spot. Luke Quinn, a US marine was the first and only US soldier to be killed at Harpers Ferry in defense of the arsenal, October 16, a 150 years ago.

Buy a Book

Learn more about John Brown and the Civil War. Buy a book from your independent book store. Recommended is Blessed Abduction by Vincent di Fondi and also the novels by Sam Hossler on some of the history of northwestern Pennsylvania. Check the authors out by clicking on search found in the link below.
Shop Indie Bookstores

Container Herbs to Consider

Parsley, sage, basil and thyme are all good herbs for containers. They are great cooking herbs and used fresh have many health qualities. Parsley, thyme and sage all all winter hardy; basil can either be dried or frozen; it can also be grown indoors during the winter as a houseplant. If purchased this spring and planted in the soil, they can be dug and planted in containers with drainage holes. It is a good way to save money, eat well, and good for health.For more Fall agrden suggestions, click here.

Get the latest information on the H1N1 virus

For the Heck of It

October is the last full month of Daylight Savings Time. Clocks back on November 1.

September 25 is Native American Day. Learn more about Sitting Bull.

Good Blogs to Read

Vincent di Fondi

On Your Way to the Top

New York's Southern Tier

Urban Veggie Garden

Simply Snickers

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Friday, September 18, 2009

Save Money: the Autumn Clean -Up

Garden Clean-Up

Spring clean-ups get a lot of attention. Autumn clean-ups sometimes fall by the wayside. Healthy and money saving vegetable gardens are often pushed to the bottom of the “to do things” as winter begins to knock on the back door. But September and October are the perfect season for garden cleanliness to begin to take care of some of the problems of growing 2009.

Garden cleanliness is a key to an improved 2010 vegetable harvest. Three of the most common tomato blights, the nightmares of 2009, can overwinter. Vegetable blights, along with slugs and snails had a great year, with the abundant moisture and cool temperatures. Fall is pay back time for these fellas.

The three most common blights are Early Blight, Septoria Blight and the Late Blight. All three are caused by different fungi and all three can winter over and create problems next year. For information on how to identify a particular blight, click, here.

The fungus spores can live on in the winter in weeds and old tomato vines. Fatal late blight, a disease which infects both tomatoes and potatoes, normally need live plant material to live. It can winter over in potatoes missed when digging the harvest.

Burn all dead or dying tomato vines and rotten fruit or bag it in plastic, let it cook in the sun for several days and throw in the trash. Re-check the potato patch. To be on the safe side, burn or properly get rid of all vegetable plants that appear to be infected. Remember not to compost any of this material.

The blight fungus spores can also live in the weeds. Clear them out as well. Slugs and snails like to hide under boards, pots and other garden junk. Clean it -up, take away the hiding spots. Overturning the soil exposes their eggs to birds and to harsh weather conditions.

Winter cover crops can be planted. They help the soil, protect good soil microbes and suppress weeds. Mustard greens are one often unnoticed choice for fall planting. Other options, depending on the first frost dates, are: oats, buckwheat, winter rye or wheat.

Plan to rotate crops next year. Nightshade plants such as tomatoes, peppers and eggplants should be located in another garden area.

Compost makes for healthy soil and healthy soil makes for healthier plants. The autumn months are a good time to renew composting efforts. Yard cleanliness, like raking leaves and the grass clippings from the last mowing are gold for the compost pile along with kitchen scraps. By next spring the compost should be mature enough to use as a soil additive or as mulch.

Mulch is important to help prevent water splashing up on the plants which could splash blight disease spores on the plants. Besides, a good mulch cover helps to control the weeds and will help retain soil moisture

An autumn afternoon clean-up in the garden can solve future blight problems, gets ride of some snails and slugs and can improve the soil. “Cleanliness is next to Godliness” applies to the vegetable garden as well as us and hospitals, restaurants and restrooms and the like, and don't forget, the environment. Save money with a fall clean-up.

Buy a Book

Books make good gifts and winter reading. Buy from your local independent book store. Click on the ad below. How about a book on good organic gardening practices? Or books published by Sam Hossler or contributor Vincent di Fondi?

Shop Indie Bookstores

Other Fall Stuff

Fall is a great time for projects. Acorns are plentiful. Start your own oak tree; your oak tree can last hundreds of years. Pine cones are dropping and luckily the squirrels are doing a lot of work stacking the cones on the ground in piles called a cache. It's easy pickings.

The pine cones can be used for fire starters for the wood stove or fireplace, bird feeders, and winter decorations.

While the leaves get all the attention, the many wildflowers are putting on the best free garden show in town.


Flu season is just about here, Get informed by clicking the ad below for the latest updates and information.

Crawford County Grange

September 18-19 Grange food booth at the Crawford Fairgrounds during the annual Horse Sale.
Scholarship application for college students available, deadline November 1st.
Hayfield chicken-b-que October 4th at noon, take outs available. Great food.

For the Heck of It:

Goldenrods, now blooming with purple asters are good food and some of the last meals for the insects. Goldenrods, at one time, were considered a source of domestic rubber production. Read more, here.

A strain of the fungus, Phytophthora infestans, responsible for the Great Irish Tomato Famine in the mid- 1800's is the late blight fungus causing headaches this season.

The late blight virus is not harmful to human health, nor are the others harmful.

Other Blogs:

Vincent di Fondi

On Your Way to the Top

New York's Southern Tier

Urban Veggie

Simply Snickers

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Monday, September 14, 2009

Goldenrods: More than Yellow Weeds

GoldenRods More than Yellow Weeds

Goldenrods have sort of an undeserved bad reputation; an invasive weed and the cause of sneezes and watery eyes. Up front, though, it's ragweed which causes more headaches for allergy sufferers, golden rod is usually not the problem. Ragweed, which blooms at the same time, releases pollen in the air; goldenrod pollen is heavier and is more commonly moved around by insects.

Goldenrod does like to wander and can be seen as invasive. And goldenrod is sometimes just unaffectionately dubbed a weed (whatever that word means).

But the goldenrod has turned many meadows, fields, pastures and even road ditches a brilliant yellow, a traditional September event. It often blooms along with the purple asters, making for one of the best flower shows around.

Goldenrod is an amazing plant, so amazing that states such as Kansas, Nebraska and South Carolina elevated the “weed” to the honorary place of state flower.

Goldenrod is a large family. There are over 130 different species. The different species can be found in dry ground, bogs and swamps, just about anywhere.

Goldenrod is also the last chance or the last stop for many pollinators before the killing frosts. It provides high quality pollen and nectar, particularly important for honeybees and our native wild bees. Any goldenrod field is swarming with dozens of different insects. For some, it's an important plant for reproduction; several insects, including the Gall Fly need the goldenrod.

The Goldenrod Gall Fly is an amazing little bug which spends it's entire existence on the goldenrod. After the male picks out a suitable spot, the females comes along and the eggs are injected into the stem; eventually this form a gall or the round ball often seen on the goldenrod.

The eggs eventually hatch and the larvae live in their gall existence for about a year. Sometimes, a hungry woodpecker will find a good meal by cracking open the gall, poor larvae.

At one time, Thomas Edison thought the goldenrod was a good plant for homegrown rubber production. Tires were actually made from goldenrods and are still on display. But even before Edison began his rubber experiments, folk medicine had a lot of uses for the plant. It was generally brewed into a tea and used to treat many ailments particularly urinary tract infections.

Goldenrods are more than a field of yellow weeds. Learn about the goldenrod spider below in the Heck of It.

Buy a Book

Support your local, independent book store and local authors. Sam Hossler's fictional novels about the local northwest Pennsylvania region are based on historical fact can be found here. Sam lives in the Canadohta Lake area. Vincent di Fondi just published his first novel, Blessed Abduction. Vincent, who now lives in Costa Rica, is a frequent contributor here and a great writer. Click on the ad below.
Shop Indie Bookstores

Oat Harvest and Trouble in Agriculture

The ten acre field next to my yard was planted in oats last spring. The harvest just began yesterday, September13 just hours before sunset and will continue today. It was a poor harvest because of all the wet weather and cool conditions and even some of the field corn is not as good as it should be, according to Doug Meabon who planted the field and is a local dairy farmer.

Doug also said even his sweet corn crop suffered from the weather. It has not been a good year for agriculture. Milk prices remain low; the price being paid the farmer is the same as it was in the 1960's. They are loosing money and it is getting worse. Prices will likely rise but we could very likely loose some farms before better economic times arrive.

Support your local farms, buy local produce whenever possible.


Everyone is talking about the flu this year. Click the ad for the most up to date information. Eat healthy, wash your hands frequently and if you feel sick stay home. To date, this virus is just miserable but it could worsen. It's best to keep informed.

For the Heck of it:

I Told You there's one right over there! Another fascinating insect which can be found near the goldenrods is the goldenrod spider. Don't worry, it is not harmful to humans, but it does prey on other insects by crippling them with a powerful venom. This amazing insect can change colors from yellow to white to match it's environment.

There is a variety of white goldenrod. Click here for more information.

Good Blogs to read:

Vincnet di Fondi

On Your Way to the Top

New York's Southern Tier

Urban Veggie

Simply Snickers

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Thursday, September 10, 2009

Free Opportunties Galore

Buckwheat - the Fruit

The buckwheat planted on August 16th began to bloom 24 days later on September 9th.
Buckwheat, which is related to rhubarb (also amazing), has it's long ago origins in China. Buckwheat is actually classified as a fruit.

The buckwheat was planted when I harvested garlic this summer in early August. Buckwheat is a great cover crop adding many nutrients back into the soil. Sometime in early October, it will be turned over and the garlic will be re-planted and then covered with the last of the year grass clippings to wait out winter.

I might even get a small amount of buckwheat which can be used for home use. Buckwheat pancakes are a favorite around here. This ancient fruit, buckwheat, is also a very healthy food.

There are other winter crops which can be planted now to improve soil fertility, protect the soil from harsh winter conditions, and improve the lives of millions of microbes and bacteria, hidden from view, which make for good garden soil for next year in the spring.

For many, the growing season was dismal and pathetic. But now is not the time to give up. A vegetable garden is health care, both physical and emotional, and does save money. Fall is an opportunity to feed the soil, to make it better. Cover crops, like buckwheat, oats, winter wheat or rye, are all good choice to get a head start on next year.

Buy a Book

Support your independent bookstore and local authors. Buy a book. Click the link for the nearest seller.

Shop Indie Bookstores

Nature Watch

Autumn brings a lot of opportunities. The all important wildflowers are exceptional this time of year and rival the soon to be leaves. The other day, the red squirrels were busy store pine cones they pick from the trees. The red squirrels store the cones on the ground, sometimes it gets to be a huge pile called a catche, so they have plenty to eat during the winter months.

The catche makes it pretty easy for anyone collecting the cones for decorations, fire starters or seed saving. Often there will be seeds inside the pine cone which can be planted in the spring. Protected from hungry birds and other critters, the small seeds will sprout into a tiny evergreen seedling in about three weeks.

Acorns are plentiful and a good choice to collect for starting your own tree. Collect the acorn, push into the soil and wait till spring. It's best to use a pot or container and leave it covered with a screen, outside. Acorns like and need the winter weather. The screen is important. Birds and other critters get mighty hungry during the dead of winter and their scent of smell is something phenomenal.

It's a great family project; collect the cones, plant the seeds, grow your own tree, help the environment. And some year, a once upon a time child, will see that tree and recall a once upon a time family walk in the autumn woods. It's a great gift.

H1N1 Info

Wash your hands frequently, eat veggies and fruits, get plenty of sleep and click the link below to keep updated. There is a lot of uncertainty about this bug, it may be just a common pain or could develop into something more serious.

Clean Water Festival

September 12 at the Woodcock Nature Center. If your local or are in the area traveling stop in at the Woodcock Nature Center. It's always a great time. More info at festival@crawfordconservation.com of call Brian Pilarcik at 814-763-5269.

Some Really Great Blogs and Additional Reading.

Vincent di Fondi- Vincent just published his first novel, Blessed Abduction, available through the Buy a Book link above. Or check his blog to learn more about the novel and his new home in Costa Rica.

On Your Way to the Top – Kathleen always has good insights

New York's Southern Tier – A travel destination in nearby New York by Richardson

Urban Veggie Blog – Dan is located in nearby Ontario and is a good gardener.

Simply Snickers- by Linda Nickerson, some great poetry and links

Other articles I have written for Helium can be found by clicking the title; others can be found below in the box at HubPages.


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Friday, September 4, 2009

Many Moons and the Full Corn Moon

Manyel and Speckled Roman Ripen on the Full Corn Moon

The Manyel and Speckled Romans are starting to turn ripe with more vigor. It has been a late year year for tomatoes and, to date luckily, no late blight has appeared.

Manyel is a heirloom variety said to be of Native American origins. While a lot of sources make that claim and even translate the name “Manyel” to mean, “many moons”, I can't find any hard documentation (yet). But it is a great tasting yellow tomato with what I think is a great flavor. It's hardy and productive. The plants I grew this year, as in the past, were started from seeds saved in previous years.

I did spray the Manyels with compost tea and a baking soda spray several times a week over the rainy summer, both reputed to help against the blight. Perhaps, the sprays worked, perhaps the variety is more resistant to late blight. There are a lot of questions and few answers.

My second favorite is a variety called “Speckled Roman”. It is something like a giant Roma, a lot of pulp, very few seeds and flavorful. It makes a great sauce and often I have to add some juicier tomatoes. The Speckled Roman is also one of the best for drying. Like Manyel, it is indeterminate, open pollinated, and a heavy producer. It too was sprayed with home remedies for the blight.

It really isn't a heirloom but rather a newer introduction, a cross between a Banana Leg and an Antique Roman. It was developed by a plant breeder, John Swenson. This tomato is an orange-ish red color with yellow streaks, with the Manyel, it makes a great colorful combination in the garden.

For color, flavor and production, these two tomatoes are worth consideration next year.
Buy a Book
Shop for books at your local independent bookstore. How about a book on tomatoes? Or one by Sam Hossler, who writes fictional novels based on historical events of northwestern PA or new author, Vincent di Fondi, Blessed Abduction. Click the ad below to order and purchase.
Shop Indie Bookstores
Fleas and Ticks – Be Careful

Now that summer has arrived in early September with the Full Corn Moon, fleas and ticks are a problem. Be careful using the the spot on treatments, be sure to follow the directions carefully if you use the stuff. Click here to get more information, these products can be harmful and in some cases fatal to children and pets.


Be prepared. Get informed, Click the ad to keep updated.

Adopt a Horse

National Adopt a Horse Day is scheduled for September 26 in 19 locations. If you have the space and the time, consider adopting and helping these beautiful animals. Click here for more information. Congratulations to Linda Nickerson who will be writing more about horses on the national level.

Mountain Ash Lore

Some folklore says that an abundance of mountain ash berries predicts a mild winter. Well, the trees here in northwestern Pennsylvania have lots and lots of berries this year. The berries, for the creative cooks, can be used to make jams and jellies and wine. Learn more about our native Mountain Ash trees.

Clean Water Festival

If your in the area and free, check out the Clean Water Festival at the Woodcock Nature Center September 26. It's free and a lot of fun activities for the entire family. For more information, festival@crawfordconservation.com
or call Brian Pilarcik at 814-763-5269

For the Heck of It:

Elderberries are getting ripe. They do make a great pie and some of the best jelly. There's been some talk how the berries might help reduce H1N1 flu symptoms, well, maybe they did that many moons agop, stick with modern medicine, but I wouldn't dismiss the idea. There will be lots of those claims but natural foods do have benefits.

Joe Pye Weed is blooming. The plant attracts a good many pollinators and is a good wildflower to have in an ornamental garden. No one seems to know for sure where the name originated but it sure isn't a weed in an obnoxious sense.

Many moons of eating fresh corn, even the frogs on the lily pads in the background agree.

Informative and Good Reading Blogs

Vincent di Fondi- Vincent just published his first novel, Blessed Abduction, available through the Indie link. Or check his blog to learn more about the novel and his new home in Costa Rica.

On Your Way to the Top – Kathleen always has good insights

New York's Southern Tier – A travel destination in nearby New York by Richardson

Urban Veggie Blog – Dan is located in nearby Ontario and he has tips on saving tomato seeds.

Simply Snickers - a Blog by Linda Nickerson

Other articles I have written for Helium can be found by clicking the title; others can be found below in the box at HubPages.

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Tuesday, September 1, 2009

Wildflowers, Wildhorses, and Other Wild Stuff

Wildflowers are Health Care

Wildflowers create the most important, most unexpected and the most colorful gardens on the planet. No landscaper can replicate the display. With September is the advent of the colorful woodland display of autumn leaves, but the meadows and woods are already bursting alive with other sights. It will be a display which will last until Jack Frost.

Wildflowers are more than a brilliant display. Wildflowers are ancient plants which have evolved over the centuries. They have developed special and unique relationships with the insect world, a world which is flat out necessary to create a planet good for human life. Without the wildflowers, there would be no bees or other pollinators, which, in turn, are essential to our food supply and the origins of a vast array of our medical drugs.

Wildflowers are easy to grow and carefree in the home vegetable or flower garden. They are not high maintenance plants. Their benefits are many. September is a great month to get a wildflower garden planned and even planted for next year or to improve, divide and take care of an existing one. It's good for us, good for the planet, good for the insects.

The bottom line – wildflowers are health care. They draw in insects which help pollinate healthy vegetable and fruits.

Enjoy the the late summer-early fall display. Money can't buy this ancient and brilliant wildflower show, and it's great for one's psyche, another health benefit.

Buy a Book

Looking for some reading? Maybe about wildflowers? Check out the link below to help your local independent bookstore.

Shop Indie Bookstores

Buy Local – It's Happening All Over the World

This is harvest season, buy local. The fruits and vegetables are home grown and more nutritious. Buying local produce saves on energy, less trucks are needed to haul produce from thousands of miles away. The local growers are often friends and neighbors who have worked hard all year through a particularly tough growing season this year. Support you local growers.
Thanks to Vincent di Fondi for the picture of a local growers market in San Juan, Costa Rica. According to Vincent, local growers sell a large number of fruits and vegetables in these stands and will make a fruit or vegetable drink on the spot for whatever ails you. And I'm betting there are some great jungle wildflowers for sale. Some of the hot peppers grown there are “real hot and tasty”, wouldn't mind trying some.

Clean Water Festival

The Crawford County Conservation District along with dozens of others will hold the annual Clean Water Festival, September 26th. If your in the area be sure to stop by and if you live in the area, make plans. It's free, fun and informative; there will be water dog rescue demos, fly tying and casting demos, conservation art projects, stream critter investigations, stream hikes and much, much more. For more information contact Brian Pilarcik at 814-763-5269 or festival@crawfordconservation.com


The Hayfield Grange will meet September 12 at 1 pm, be sure to dress in old fashion clothing for this meeting. September 18th -19th at the Crawford Fairgrounds the Grange will have a food booth for the annual horse sale. And don't miss October 4th Hayfield Grange Chicken Barb-b-que at noon – this is great food.

On the Subject of Horses

National Adopt a Wild Horse is set for September 26th in 19 locations. The adoption program is sponsored by the Bureau of Land Management to improve the health of the wild horses and to protect natural resources. Be sure to check out the article by Linda Nickerson for more information, give adoption a thought if you have the space and interest.

Click the ad for updates and information. Be informed.

For the Heck of It

September 4th is the Full Corn Moon. Beware. But maybe a good time to enjoy the wildflower shows by moonlight? Did I suggest that?

With schools back in session, here's a little history and the impact the discovery in Titusville improved education.

Highly Recommended Blogs:

Vincent di Fondi- Vincent just published his first novel, Blessed Abduction, available through the Indie book link above. Or check his blog to learn more about the novel and his new home in Costa Rica.

On Your Way to the Top – Kathleen always has good insights

New York's Southern Tier – A travel destination in nearby New York by Richardson

Urban Veggie Blog – Dan is located in nearby Ontario and is a good gardener.

Other articles I have written for Helium can be found by clicking the title; others can be found below in the box at HubPages.

Bookmark and Share